What is Ptosis?
The drooping of the upper eyelid is called Ptosis. Some patients develop ptosis after an injury to the eyelid or after eye surgery, but ptosis is usually a result of aging. Some patients are born with the condition, but usually it develops later in life.
What are Causes of Ptosis?
Usually, ptosis results when the muscle responsible for raising the lid weakens, or from damage to the nerves that control the eyelid muscles. Sometimes ptosis can be caused by loose skin on the upper lid.
Other possible causes:
- Growth in the eyelid, such as a stye
- Bell’s palsy
- Migraine headache
- Benign or malignant tumor
- Myasthenia gravis
- Horner syndrome
Symptoms of Ptosis
Ptosis occurs when one or both eyelids droop, and may be accompanied by one or more of the following:
- Problems closing the eye or blinking
- Changes in vision (with severe drooping)
Ptosis is usually gradual due to aging, but when it occurs suddenly, there may be a greater cause for concern. Please inform your doctor if you have sudden changes or symptoms.
Diagnosis of Ptosis
Your eye doctor can diagnose ptosis. Dr. Kalyam will perform testing including visual acuity, peripheral field testing, a slit lamp evaluation as well as an external exam including photographs.If she suspects an underlying condition, she may refer the patient out for further testing by an internist or other specialist.
Treatment of Ptosis
The surgical treatment of ptosis could be medically necessary or a cosmetic procedure.It is usually medically necessary when ptosis is severe and vision is obstructed due to the droopy upper lid covering the eye. If ptosis affects the vision of the patient, Dr. Kalyam will perform surgery to eliminate the drooping. Young patients with mild to moderate ptosis should be checked regularly for other eye problems including amblyopia, refractive error and muscle diseases.